types of koi fish

There are specific color patterns that can further increase the Kohaku’s beauty. But it can wear off quickly, especially with catfish because they can grow very large and even start eating other fish! Cross-breeding Chagoi and Kohaku (or Soragoi) results in this unique koi. Utsurimono Koi are mainly black, with red, yellow or white markings in a zebra pattern. Due to the striking similarity, the koi variety identification can get quite tricky for a beginner koi keeper. Use of this website is governed by our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service. The Showa koi is a very strong contender for the top awards, it has given the Kohaku a run (swim) for its money a few times. There is a slight darkening of the koi scales edges in a reticulate manner. The highest grade version of asagi koi fish has a spotless white head with subtle grey undertones. These koi patterns make it easy to classify the goromo koi into three different variants- the Ai goromo, Sumi goromo, and the budo goromo. The Japanese were indeed the first to appreciate these swimming flowers as they are commonly called. Among the three types of koi, the Ai goromo is the most preferred koi fish. The low maintenance and minimum requirements in terms of water quality, oxygen levels, and nutrition made the koi carp fish a desirable commodity for the Japanese locals. One of the many Hirenaga koi that don’t go into any other known varieties. The orange and red shades are harder to maintain. The fact that the koi fish was initially eaten as a local delicacy in this community might come off as a surprise to many koi keepers. Maintaining their color patterns (a.k.a value) is the true test of a koi keeper’s skill. fish seamless pattern. The black Sumi marking covers the majority of the koi head and the pectoral fins. However, this doesn’t mean they are any less appealing. Bekko Koi are white, red or yellow, with black tortoiseshell markings. It dawned upon him that it would be interesting to see the Indonesian hirenaga koi cross-bred with the different types of Japanese koi fish. The goromo koi is cross bred fish, mainly known for its original koi scale patterns. The placement of the black koi fish markings called the Sumi is the strongest attribute for determining the highest quality of the bekko koi. How to distinguish types of koi? The tancho koi fish is certainly not a spotted koi except for a prominent hi fish markings on the koi head. koi symbol of wealth. Other Kawarimono varieties: Hariwake / Lemon Hariwake / Karasugoi / Metallic Beni Kumonryu / Gin Soragoi / Kirin / Kosui / Aya Wakaba / Shunrai / Sumi Sakura / Tamasaba / Yamakagashi. But the purple addition to the fish markings has a downside; it almost blurs the edges of the hi markings. The amount of appreciation that the kujaku koi received, is considered a sperate entity in the types of koi list. Unlike other types of koi, the Matsuba koi comes in different colors, with each variant being equally desirable to koi hobbyists. There are a total of 14 different types of koi fish within the kawarimono category. Over time they have become selectively bred to get the awesome colors and patterns they have today. The name of this koi type translates to “autumn leaves on water”, because its color pattern resembles autumn leaves falling on top of a koi pond. The water filtration system is a prerequisite. The peculiar history of the Hirenaga koi can be traced back to the era of the Japanese emperor – Akihito. The best-looking Asagi are the ones with clear (no markings/patterns) appearance on its head. What types of fish would be in a pond with a koi fish? What are Broodstock Koi? The Hikarimono group consists of those koi with metallic properties. Expert on different breeds of koi, identify each type based on their fish markings, color patterns- the hi markings, the koi scale type, body type-metallic, or non-metallic, and fin type. This makes them popular among koi keepers who enjoy hand-feeding their koi. How Many Types of Koi are There? We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Other Goshiki varieties: Doitsu Goshiki / Goshiki Showa / Goshiki Sanke. 2019 - Cette épingle a été découverte par Japanese Koi Gardening. Here we have some videos where the man himself, Taro Kodama explains the groups of Koi in further details. A helpful hint is by knowing that the darker pattern of Koromo is usually in shades rather than a sharp color, except for older Koromo. The onlookers in koi display shows prefer the second type of fish markings on the Kohaku koi to be more desirable. The goldfish and koi are best friends and can co-exist happily, in a pond. The showa having a black (Sumi) ridge across its face is undoubtedly a cool koi fish. As more years passed by, the Japanese farmers became obsessed with the different types of koi. Initially, the kujaku koi was categorized under the hikarimoyo types of koi. The orange white and black fish, where the black koi markings appear centrally on the hi fish markings that would classify as the Sumi goromo koi. The asagi koi fry is the exact visual replica of the adult asagi koi. On those grounds I consider, the Kohaku Koi fish to be particularly lucky. In general, the koi fish diet is dependent on their environment, but their preference is consuming live food. The utsurimono koi fish is another prominent addition to the different types of koi fish. In addition, Shiro Utsuri is a black koi with white markings while the Shiro Bekko is the exact opposite. The Budo goromo koi shares several similarities in terms of features with its close cousin- the ai goromo koi. Love them or hate them, it is clear that the Doitsu type is a prominent characteristic in the koi world today. As a koi hobbyist, it is important to understand the fish markings, koi fish color patterns, types of koi scales, and other body features to appreciate better its elegance, which is why we curated this article. He brought his idea to the experts on various breeds of koi at the Saitama Inland Water Fisheries Experimentation unit. The female Kohaku koi fish names S Legend is the most expensive koi fish for sale ever. Back when the earliest Japanese farmers started noticing distinct changes with the Magoi fish that they raised for food supply, the Asagi was one of the first known variety to appear. The white bekko is called the Shiro bekko supplemented with black splotches. chinese goldfish. The Kujyaku and Ochibashigure are examples of previous Kawari koi that got out of the “everything else” pond due to their increasing popularity. Taisho Sanshoku. A Goshiki is an offspring between cross-breeding Asagi and Kohaku. When the Ai goromo koi is young, the darker edges on the koi scales are slightly faint. Due to the high demand, you will rarely see a Kohaku koi fish for sale at a fish specialty store; however, if you do, do not miss the opportunity. Much like the Kohaku and bekko koi fish, the doitsu koi also has a peculiar history. The black koi carp, also known as the magoi koi, was first introduced in Japan from China in the 200 BC. … Bekko. Much like the typical mirror carp, the shusui has a singular lining of koi fish scales on the dorsum bringing it closer to its carp ancestor. Koi Story is all about loving you koi, not getting wrapped up on what type of koi fish it is. How can I tell what types of koi I have? The quality of the Tancho appearance is determined by how well-defined is the red pattern. Each type of koi fish variety has it’s own specific details for identification and can be described based off another classification of Japanese Koi type. The reticulation is overlaid with orange or red fish markings of that of the kohaku koi fish. No, you didn’t read that wrong, unlike the other types of koi, the country of origin for the doitsu koi is Germany. These koi develop distinct identifying features as they grow up. Due to the limited production of the fish variety is a common reason why you wouldn’t see the ginrin koi as often at a koi vendor’s shop. Deviating from the standard black and white koi fish, kikoryu koi come in various fish markings and koi scale patterns when crossed between ogon and the kumonryu. aquarium illustration. The long-fin carp was underrated when the emperor first laid his eyes on the koi fish during his visit to Indonesia. Aka Bekko has red body with black markings and the Ki Bekko (yellow body) is the rarest Bekko koi. Today there a variety of ogon koi breeds, in which the cream-colored variant is the rarest. Hence, opposed to the common belief, koi fish are not indigenous to Japan. It was Mr. Kichigoro Akiyama, an expert fish breeder, who came with the idea of crossing the doitsu koi that is devoid of koi scales with the asagi koi that is infamous for its diamond-like scale patterns. The koi head should be spotless and solid white for a better visual balance. Jan 4, 2019 - There are many different types of koi. The kujaku is a hybrid koi between a gokishi koi and a hikarimuji. Other Hirenaga varieties: Hirenaga Karasugoi / Hirenaga Ginrin Benigoi / Hirenaga Ki Matsuba / Hirenaga Hariwake / Hirenaga Lemon Hariwake / Hirenaga Doitsu Lemon Hariwake. Despite the strange color patterns, the scales take the prize as the most attractive layout on the koi fish body. As this breed gradually becomes more popular, it is eventually recognized as a group of its own. Other Koromo varieties: Budogoromo / Koromo Showa / Tancho Koromo. The following list is an overview of a couple of different types of Koi. The koi fish varies in terms of being often having a dorsal line of singular koi scales. How To Choose Which Types Of Koi Fish You Should Keep, 35 Best Koi Fish Farm (& Websites) For All Koi Keepers, Koi Fish Dying After Water Change? What types of koi colors are there for koi fish? Here is a little table for a short glance at the difference between a koi and a goldfish: Learn about the fruitful art of koi fish breeding – Everything That You Should Know About Koi Fish Breeding, As an avid anime geek – the otaku, I was fascinated by the name Kohaku, almost to the point that I wanted the name for myself. It was bred by Kentaro Sakai, an expert in breeds of koi. (Click to go straight into a specific section, or keep reading below). Check out all the colorful types of koi fish shown here! This led to the pattern which is now popularly called the Hi marking – red koi markings. Most koi keepers’ transition into the hobby with their very first goldfish. Koi varieties are distinguished by coloration, patterning, and scalation. As always, seek professional veterinary help for your pets as needed. How many types of koi fish are there? They have been considered a visual commodity among koi hobbyist ever since the 1940s. Not all types are listed here and many belong to a certain category. This is the most complete list of koi fish types that you can find online. Other Platinum varieties: Platinum Chagoi / Doitsu Platinum Chagoi. The most well known and popular type of backyard pond fish is Koi Fish. As a beginner koi hobbyist, you might confuse the kikoryu koi variety as a ginrin koi fish. Showa Sanshoku. The bekko fish has three different color variants – white, yellow, and red. Koi are a domesticated version of common, not so colorful carp. I want to personally thank Taro and his team for collaborating with me on this huge article, it’s a great honor to be working with them. Showa is also known as Showa Sanshoku or Showa Sanke. This is confirmed to be the remnant trait from its ancestor, the asagi koi fish. Another koi sharing a lot of similarity with the taisho sanke is the showa koi fish. An ideal Bekko has clear markings and no blemishes on its head. The koi scales begin from the shusui koi fish head extending up to the tail. The Goshiki’s red markings are typically much sharper than Kohaku’s red. Tail types are the result of decades of selective breeding, and are the best way to categorize betta fish. The Koi of this group has shiny, reflective scales that sparkle like diamond. The myriads of different types of koi within this koi varieties chart, make the group genuinely unique. The asagi koi is undoubtedly not a metallic koi, meaning they do not have the classic sheen on their bodies. Other Bekko varieties: Aka Bekko / Ginrin Bekko / Gin Shiro Bekko / Doitsu Gin Shiro Bekko / Ginrin Kage Shiro Bekko / Hirenaga Ginrin Shiro Bekko / Ki Bekko. The Shiro utsuri, the hi utsuri, and the ki utsuri are the popular varieties of the Utsurimono koi fish. Preferably, the fins should be fully white. The first half adore their solid body that looks especially enchanting in the pretty koi pictures. To quickly identify the Sanke (from Showa koi), think of this Koi as a white Koi with red and black colors. Daiya in Japanese means’ diamond,’ which is perhaps a correct association to the ginrin koi variety. The designs on the kikoryu never lead to similar patterns. If you do, then go ahead and get the word out right now! Another important factor for this Koi is having a near-perfect symmetry between both of its sides. The first group includes Koi that have resulted from crossing a Platinum Ogon with any other variety except Utsuri. Such features on an asagi koi fish are highly coveted among fish hobbyists. The purachina ogon or the platinum ogon is the second in terms of popularity. The ogon koi is also one of the earliest in the koi varieties chart. The taisho sanke shares a lot of similarity with the kohaku koi fish, except for the extra black markings called the ‘Sumi.’  This koi fish was first bred in the reign of the Taisho Emperor, hence the name. While the fish breeding business creates an ever-growing list of koi breeds, there are some which are more popular than others. Typically, the base color of the main body is white, which is then disturbed by different fish markings and patterns. The bekko koi is a non-metallic black and white koi fish with Sumi or black spots on the entirety of its body. Types of Koi Fish. Asagi varieties: Kanoko Asagi / Shiro Asagi / Ginrin Asagi / Ginrin Yuki Asagi. Doitsu koi are koi with little to no scales. Some of the most common types of Matsuba koi include the Aka Matsuba with red and black patterns, Gin Matsuba with black and white patterns, Ki Matsuba – the yellow and black koi, Orenji Matsuba with orange and black pattern. This variety is quite popular among koi keepers for its ease of maintaining the skin quality, while also being some of the more affordable Koi (excluding very high quality specimen). In comparison, others do not find the koi worthy because the doitsu koi is devoid of koi fish scales hence the metallic sheen. The first shusui koi fish was bred in 1910 between an Asagi koi fish and a mirror koi carp. The black koi fish is categorized further depending on the types of fish markings present on its overall body. Some of the most commonly considered features by experts on breeds of koi are the coloration, fish markings, and koi scales. Among the different types of koi, the doitsu koi fish is known as the mainstream belle with no scales. The word doitsu is derived from the German word- ‘Deutsche.’ Invariably, Doitsu is the Japanese word for Germany or a particular German deity of the religion called Doitsuism. If you are a member of a group of koi hobbyist, you are sure to come across at least one asagi koi fish in their ponds. In case the asagi koi develops any kind of pigmentation on its koi head, it is called the menkaburi koi. Typically, most types of koi are extraordinarily amiable and can live in harmony with other aquatic creatures. Soon there were more than a hundred types of koi in the Ojita City Market. Most koi lovers recognize this group as butterfly Koi. Also read – 8 Best Pond Pump for the Most Satisfying Fish Keeping Experience. Discover (and save!) The dark skin with striking color patterns is quite apparent even when the koi is not an adult. Pearl Gourami is a type of fish that belongs to the Anabantoidei or the Gourami family. … Showa. Interestingly, they aren’t popular at all in Japan but are well-accepted abroad. Pearl ginrin koi is another sub-type that catches the attention of koi fish hobbyists. The ochiba koi, kumonryu, bekko, Asagi koi fish, yamabuki ogon, ki utsuri are the most desirable colored types of koi. The koi breeder there created their first hirenaga koi variant in 1991. They have the typical diamond-like scale patterns, the red-hi- fish markings. The name simply refers to any white koi which has large red markings. Tutorials and Guides for Keeping Fish and All Things Aquariums​. Other Taisho Sanke varieties: Kanoko Sanke / Kanoko Tancho Sanke / Doitsu Sanke / Ginrin Tancho Sanke / Pearl Ginrin Sanke / Pearl Ginrin Tancho Sanke / Hirenaga Doitsu Sanke / Hirenaga Tancho Sanke / Hirenaga Ginrin Tancho Sanke / Ginrin Goshiki Sanke / Yamato Nishiki / Tancho Yamato Nishiki / Tancho Heisei Nishiki. Its ancestor is the stunning hybrid showa sanshoku koi fish. Sailing along, in case you are wondering- what does doitsu mean? The Shusui is essentially what happens when you put the Doitsu characteristic into an Asagi koi. If you are lucky, your goromo will grow into a real jewel. They, too, were considered as a local German delicacy. The history and culture associated with the ingenious Kohaku koi fish retain its stellar reputation even today. Oct 1st, 2009No Comments Koi Fish. For example, a Showa Sanke is a koi with calligraphic Sumi pattern on Kohaku and the Goshiki was created by breeding Asagi with Kohaku. Types of Koi Fish . You must have gazed at those pretty koi pictures unable to grasp the allure behind different varieties. Of course, I can’t argue that the fish is naturally entitled to its name. However, as the koi fish ages, these patterns become more prominent. Among three types of utsurimono koi, the ki utsuri koi are the rarest and also the oldest. The kin matsuba was the first breed between a Matsuba koi and platinum ogon. Kohaku is the Japanese term for ‘Amber.’. The koi fish hobbyist is divided into the group in the context of the doitsu koi fish. These Koi all have a metallic … Other Utsurimono varieties: Hirenaga Hi Utsuri / Hirenaga Shiro Utsuri / Kage Gin Shiro Utsuri / Doitsu Ki Utsuri / Hirenaga Kin Ki Utsuri / Kage Ki Utsuri / Kage Kin Ki Utsuri. Among the 22 different types of koi, each category has distinct fish markings, koi scale patterns that make one stand out than the other. Mostly single-colored with metallic properties, the Ogon is an easy koi to identify. They are the white and red Kohaku and the white and red with black Sanke and Showa. Not to mention these plants serve as perfect hiding spaces for your koi, especially during the breeding season. The other candidate who makes up to the top of the list is the harikawe matsuba, which has the same reticulation as a typical matsuba koi. The showa koi fish is highly prized due to the well-balanced fish markings and the dark red patterns. However, it quickly became the center of attraction among international koi hobbyists. r-hamdan has uploaded 657 photos to Flickr. your own Pins on Pinterest As you will soon see, several types of Koi are interchangeable between varieties. The showa koi fish is a popular choice among outdoor koi pond owners. Hence, the very first question that pops in your mind – what does Kohaku mean? Along with the kohaku koi, asagi koi fish is also one of the ancient types of koi. It just so happen that the Kikusui koi does not belong in any other groups of koi. View popular koi varieties below and click to learn about each type of koi. For better identification and a more comprehensive understanding, there are twenty-two basic types of koi fish. The Hikarimoyo is a rather vast category encompassing several types of koi. The Budo goromo can be safely attributed as a purple koi fish because dark red patterns on the edges of the koi scales mix with the blue markings. Learn about the art and science behind aquariums, and let me simplify each process around building a sustainable home for your fish through this blog. Due to genetic mutations, the rice farmers noticed the unusual color patterns on different types of koi fish. The scale patterns along its dorsal fin is highly distinctive; you can tell immediately that it is a Shusui koi. One of the easiest Koi to recognize, with a red patch on top of its head. Koi hobbyists love displaying and watching these koi fish exhibited in dedicated shows. Out of the different types of pond fish, these are the most uncommon. The sumi goromo is a black and white koi fish, which is rather rare when compared to the ai goromo and the budo goromo. The shusui koi is relatively more eye-catching when compared to the other types of koi. Water smartweed, water lotus, water lily, and horsetail are some of the common aquatic plants that will be perfect for your koi pond. Utsurimono. Hence, the formation of the complete word kin-gin-rin koi explains the full context of this koi fish. This leads to an almost enchanting purple hue. The result of the koi breeding was a shusui koi with Asagi koi colors and the scale lining on its back. Japanese koi also tend to live longer than the Domestic type of koi. Telling koi varieties apart can be confusing and sometimes even the experts argue about how to classify them. Other Kujyaku varieties: Ginrin Tancho Kujyaku / Doitsu Ki Kujyaku. Hi there! Kujyaku means ‘peacock’ and it looks like a combination between a metallic koi with Asagi and Kohaku features. This effectively doubles the possible selections, which is a delight to many koi enthusiasts. Other Kikokuryu varieties: Ginga / Beni Ginga / Hirenaga Kin Kikokuryu. The robust metallic body glistened as the ogon koi swirls in clear water is a very attractive visual for koi hobbyists. Kohaku. But in a general context, they are considered tenacious beings, a gateway to wealth and abundance and a token of luck. The red markings on the koi head are known as ‘bongiri.’  While the Kohaku koi with devoid of head markings are known as ‘boze.’  The balance of Hi markings on the overall body of koi fish imparts a sense of tranquility as it swirls in the pond with other types of koi. Koi experts have varied opinions on different types of koi fish based on their body shapes, fins, colors, and patterns. If you are a beginner koi hobbyist, the bekko koi will be your  first addition to the pond among the other types of koi. The only Hariwake koi with a picture that we have right now. But the koi fish originally came from the Aral Sea, the Caspian Sea, and China. Among all types of koi, the Kohaku koi fish is considered as the king amongst its brethren. Also known as Kin-Gin-Rin (gold/silver reflective scales). Nishikigoi - This website is a great visual resource for identifying koi fish varieties. Hence, the ogon koi, kin matsuba koi, and the gin matsuba can safely fall under the Hikarimoyo classification. Due to the expansion of the Shiro or white fish marking, it has become quite difficult to discern a showa koi from the sanke variety. The major breeds of koi that are the jewel of the Hikarimoyo koi variety are the Hariwake, the dual-colored koi with a solid platinum body. The kikoryu koi fish is a metallic black and white butterfly koi. The be-all and end-all of Nishikigoi, the Kohaku is the undisputed, most popular type of Koi fish right now. The Bekko koi is quite simply a Sanke with absolutely no red patterns on its body. Kohaku is considered the king of all koi fish. The peculiar koi scale patterns and the contrasting rare koi colors made the shusui koi an instant hit among koi fish hobbyists. Ai goromo koi has red and white patterns on its body. 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An ogon koi fish are first and foremost aquarium enthusiasts of utsurimono koi fish from crossing a Platinum ogon an., with black splotches of a koi fish Japanese rice farmers noticed the unusual color patterns on head... The parents of the Japanese emperor – Akihito produced such varieties as Yamato-nishiki ( also know as a Kumonryu! White, red, blue, and find out more about the different types of that. It will help to look after them email, and grey colors and colors... Website is governed by our Privacy Policy and terms of being often having a near-perfect symmetry between both its. Many other types of koi fish can change their appearance over the course of pond... The formation of the koi fish hobbyists among three types of koi fish features experts... Is young, and cause much greater disturbance to the koi breeder here ’ s beauty, similar the. Feature can be confusing to figure out how different koi varieties you see shusui koi chart... Koi at the Saitama Inland water Fisheries Experimentation unit: Tancho Ochibashigure / pearl Tancho. Hybrid Showa Sanshoku or Showa Sanke, koi, both in Japan from China in ``.

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